Health Encyclopedia

 

 

lorazepam (oral)

Pronunciation: lor A ze pam

Brand: Ativan

Ativan 0.5 mg

pentagonal, white, imprinted with A, WYETH81

Image of Ativan 0.5 mg
slide 1 of 20
    

Ativan 1mg

pentagonal, white, imprinted with A, 64 WYETH

Image of Ativan 1mg
slide 2 of 20
    

Ativan 2 mg

pentagonal, white, imprinted with A, 65 WYETH

Image of Ativan 2 mg
slide 3 of 20
    

Lorazepam 0.5 mg-AMN

round, white, imprinted with IP 15

Image of Lorazepam 0.5 mg-AMN
slide 4 of 20
    

Lorazepam 0.5 mg-GG

round, white, imprinted with 91, GG

Image of Lorazepam 0.5 mg-GG
slide 5 of 20
    

Lorazepam 0.5 mg-MYL

round, white, imprinted with M, 321

Image of Lorazepam 0.5 mg-MYL
slide 6 of 20
    

Lorazepam 0.5 mg-TEV

round, white, imprinted with I, L

Image of Lorazepam 0.5 mg-TEV
slide 7 of 20
    

Lorazepam 0.5 mg-WAT

round, white, imprinted with WATSON, 240 0.5

Image of Lorazepam 0.5 mg-WAT
slide 8 of 20
    

Lorazepam 1 mg-AMN

round, white, imprinted with IP 16

Image of Lorazepam 1 mg-AMN
slide 9 of 20
    

Lorazepam 1 mg-MUT

round, white, imprinted with MP 39

Image of Lorazepam 1 mg-MUT
slide 10 of 20
    

Lorazepam 1 mg-MYL

round, white, imprinted with MYLAN 457

Image of Lorazepam 1 mg-MYL
slide 11 of 20
    

Lorazepam 1 mg-PP

round, white, imprinted with 59, R

Image of Lorazepam 1 mg-PP
slide 12 of 20
    

Lorazepam 1 mg-TEV

round, white, imprinted with I 1, 4821

Image of Lorazepam 1 mg-TEV
slide 13 of 20
    

Lorazepam 1 mg-WAT

round, white, imprinted with 241 1, WATSON

Image of Lorazepam 1 mg-WAT
slide 14 of 20
    

Lorazepam 2 mg-AMN

round, white, imprinted with IP 17

Image of Lorazepam 2 mg-AMN
slide 15 of 20
    

Lorazepam 2 mg-GG

round, white, imprinted with GG 93

Image of Lorazepam 2 mg-GG
slide 16 of 20
    

Lorazepam 2 mg-MUT

round, white, imprinted with MP 96

Image of Lorazepam 2 mg-MUT
slide 17 of 20
    

Lorazepam 2 mg-MYL

round, white, imprinted with MYLAN 777

Image of Lorazepam 2 mg-MYL
slide 18 of 20
    

Lorazepam 2 mg-TEV

round, white, imprinted with I 2, 4822

Image of Lorazepam 2 mg-TEV
slide 19 of 20
    

Lorazepam 2 mg-WAT

round, white, imprinted with 242 2, WATSON

Image of Lorazepam 2 mg-WAT
slide 20 of 20
    

What is the most important information I should know about lorazepam?

Multum donot

Do not use this medication if you are allergic to lorazepam or to other benzodiazepines, such as alprazolam (Xanax), chlordiazepoxide (Librium), clorazepate (Tranxene), diazepam (Valium), or oxazepam (Serax).

Multum nopreg

This medication can cause birth defects in an unborn baby. Do not use lorazepam if you are pregnant.

Before taking lorazepam, tell your doctor if you have any breathing problems, glaucoma, kidney or liver disease, or a history of depression, suicidal thoughts, or addiction to drugs or alcohol.

Multum noalcohol

Do not drink alcohol while taking lorazepam. This medication can increase the effects of alcohol.

Avoid using other medicines that make you sleepy. They can add to sleepiness caused by lorazepam.

Multum habit

Lorazepam may be habit-forming and should be used only by the person it was prescribed for. Lorazepam should never be shared with another person, especially someone who has a history of drug abuse or addiction. Keep the medication in a secure place where others cannot get to it.

It is dangerous to try and purchase lorazepam on the Internet or from vendors outside of the United States. Medications distributed from Internet sales may contain dangerous ingredients, or may not be distributed by a licensed pharmacy. Samples of lorazepam purchased on the Internet have been found to contain haloperidol (Haldol), a potent antipsychotic drug with dangerous side effects. For more information, contact the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) or visit www.fda.gov/buyonlineguide.

What is lorazepam?

Lorazepam is in a group of drugs called benzodiazepines (ben-zoe-dye-AZE-eh-peens). Lorazepam affects chemicals in the brain that may become unbalanced and cause anxiety.

Lorazepam is used to treat anxiety disorders.

Lorazepam may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking lorazepam?

It is dangerous to try and purchase lorazepam on the Internet or from vendors outside of the United States. Medications distributed from Internet sales may contain dangerous ingredients, or may not be distributed by a licensed pharmacy. Samples of lorazepam purchased on the Internet have been found to contain haloperidol (Haldol), a potent antipsychotic drug with dangerous side effects. For more information, contact the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) or visit www.fda.gov/buyonlineguide.

Multum donot

Do not use this medication if you have narrow-angle glaucoma, or if you are allergic to lorazepam or to other benzodiazepines, such as alprazolam (Xanax), chlordiazepoxide (Librium), clorazepate (Tranxene), diazepam (Valium), or oxazepam (Serax).

Before taking lorazepam, tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs, or if you have:

  • glaucoma;
  • asthma, emphysema, bronchitis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD), or other breathing problems;
  • kidney or liver disease;
  • a history of depression or suicidal thoughts or behavior; or
  • a history of drug or alcohol addiction.

If you have any of these conditions, you may need a dose adjustment or special tests to safely take this medication.

Multum nopreg

FDA pregnancy category D. Lorazepam can cause birth defects in an unborn baby. Do not use lorazepam without your doctor's consent if you are pregnant. Tell your doctor if you become pregnant during treatment. Use an effective form of birth control while you are using this medication.

Multum nobrfeed

It is not known whether lorazepam passes into breast milk or if it could harm a nursing baby. Do not use this medication without telling your doctor if you are breast-feeding a baby.

The sedative effects of lorazepam may last longer in older adults. Accidental falls are common in elderly patients who take benzodiazepines. Use caution to avoid falling or accidental injury while you are taking lorazepam.

Multum nochild

Do not give this medication to a child younger than 12 years old.

How should I take lorazepam?

Take this medication exactly as it was prescribed for you. Do not take the medication in larger amounts, or take it for longer than recommended by your doctor. Follow the directions on your prescription label.

Your doctor may occasionally change your dose to make sure you get the best results from this medication.

Measure the liquid form of lorazepam with a special dose-measuring spoon or cup, not a regular table spoon. If you do not have a dose-measuring device, ask your pharmacist for one.

Multum donot

Lorazepam should be used for only a short time. Do not take this medication for longer than 4 months without your doctor's advice.

Multum habit

Lorazepam may be habit-forming and should be used only by the person it was prescribed for. Lorazepam should never be shared with another person, especially someone who has a history of drug abuse or addiction. Keep the medication in a secure place where others cannot get to it.

Multum emt

Contact your doctor if this medicine seems to stop working as well in treating your symptoms.

Multum donot

Do not stop using lorazepam suddenly without first talking to your doctor. You may need to use less and less before you stop the medication completely.

Your symptoms may return when you stop using lorazepam after using it over a long period of time. You may also have seizures or withdrawal symptoms when you stop using lorazepam. Withdrawal symptoms may include tremor, sweating, muscle cramps, stomach pain, vomiting, unusual thoughts or behavior, and seizure (convulsions).

To be sure this medication is not causing harmful effects, your doctor may need to check your progress on a regular basis. Do not miss any scheduled visits to your doctor.

Multum rt

Store lorazepam at room temperature away from moisture, heat, and light.

Multum refig

Store the liquid form of lorazepam in the refrigerator.

Keep track of how many pills have been used from each new bottle of this medicine. Benzodiazepines are drugs of abuse and you should be aware if any person in the household is using this medicine improperly or without a prescription.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and take the medicine at your next regularly scheduled time. Do not take extra medicine to make up the missed dose.

What happens if I overdose?

Multum emt

Seek emergency medical attention if you think you have used too much of this medicine. An overdose of lorazepam can be fatal.

Overdose symptoms may include extreme drowsiness, confusion, muscle weakness, fainting, or coma.

What should I avoid while taking lorazepam?

Multum noalcohol

Do not drink alcohol while taking lorazepam. This medication can increase the effects of alcohol.

Multum dizzy

Lorazepam can cause side effects that may impair your thinking or reactions. Be careful if you drive or do anything that requires you to be awake and alert.

Multum dizzy

Cold or allergy medicine, narcotic pain medicine, sleeping pills, muscle relaxers, and medicine for seizures, depression or anxiety can add to sleepiness caused by lorazepam. Tell your doctor if you regularly use any of these other medicines.

What are the possible side effects of lorazepam?

Multum emt

Get emergency medical help if you have any of these signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Multum emt

Call your doctor at once if you have any of these serious side effects:

  • confusion, depressed mood, thoughts of suicide or hurting yourself;
  • hyperactivity, agitation, hostility;
  • hallucinations; or
  • feeling light-headed, fainting.

Less serious side effects may include:

  • drowsiness, dizziness, tiredness;
  • blurred vision;
  • sleep problems (insomnia);
  • muscle weakness, lack of balance or coordination;
  • amnesia or forgetfulness, trouble concentrating;
  • nausea, vomiting, constipation;
  • appetite changes; or
  • skin rash.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Tell your doctor about any unusual or bothersome side effect. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect lorazepam?

Before taking lorazepam, tell your doctor if you are using any of the following drugs:

  • a barbiturate such as amobarbital (Amytal), butabarbital (Butisol), mephobarbital (Mebaral), secobarbital (Seconal), or phenobarbital (Luminal, Solfoton);
  • an MAO inhibitor such as isocarboxazid (Marplan), phenelzine (Nardil), rasagiline (Azilect), selegiline (Eldepryl, Emsam), or tranylcypromine (Parnate);
  • medicines to treat psychiatric disorders, such as chlorpromazine (Thorazine), haloperidol (Haldol), mesoridazine (Serentil), pimozide (Orap), or thioridazine (Mellaril);
  • narcotic medications such as butorphanol (Stadol), codeine, hydrocodone (Lortab, Vicodin), levorphanol (Levo-Dromoran), meperidine (Demerol), methadone (Dolophine, Methadose), morphine (Kadian, MS Contin, Oramorph), naloxone (Narcan), oxycodone (OxyContin), propoxyphene (Darvon, Darvocet); or
  • antidepressants such as amitriptyline (Elavil, Etrafon), amoxapine (Asendin), citalopram (Celexa), clomipramine (Anafranil), desipramine (Norpramin), doxepin (Sinequan), escitalopram (Lexapro), fluoxetine (Prozac, Sarafem), fluvoxamine (Luvox), imipramine (Janimine, Tofranil), nortriptyline (Pamelor), paroxetine (Paxil), protriptyline (Vivactil), sertraline (Zoloft), or trimipramine (Surmontil).

This list is not complete and there may be other drugs that can interact with lorazepam. Tell your doctor about all the prescription and over-the-counter medications you use. This includes vitamins, minerals, herbal products, and drugs prescribed by other doctors. Do not start using a new medication without telling your doctor.

Where can I get more information?

Your pharmacist can provide more information about lorazepam.


Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

Copyright 1996-2013 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 7.07. Revision date: 12/15/2010.

Your use of the content provided in this service indicates that you have read, understood and agree to the End-User License Agreement, which can be accessed by clicking on this link.

This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. Your use of this information means that you agree to the Terms of Use. How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.

Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.