Having a sex partner who is not treated, so
Having a new sex partner, or more than one sex
partner, who spreads an infection.
Receiving medical treatment that does not cure the infection.
Typically, this happens when the wrong medicine is prescribed or not all of
the medicine is taken.
Some women who have been infected with
chlamydia develop a "hypersensitive response" when
they are exposed to the bacteria again. A second infection can cause more
irritation and damage to the pelvic organs that is worse than the first
Paavonen J, et al. (2008). Pelvic inflammatory disease. In KK Holmes et al., eds., Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 4th ed., pp. 1017–1050. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Paavonen J, Schwartz D (2003). Pelvic inflammatory
disease. In SA Morse et al., eds., Atlas of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and AIDS, 3rd ed., pp. 141–157. Edinburgh:
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.