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Ankylosing Spondylitis

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important

It is possible that the main title of the report Ankylosing Spondylitis is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • Marie Strumpell Disease
  • Spondyloarthritis
  • Von Bechterew-Strumpell Syndrome
  • Marie-Strumpell Spondylitis
  • Bechterew Syndrome
  • AS
  • Spondyloarthropathy
  • Chronic inflammatory conditions
  • Bechterew disease
  • Marie-Strumpell arthritis

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Ankylosing spondylitis is a progressive inflammatory disease that typically becomes evident during early to mid adulthood. The disease is characterized by inflammation (arthritis), stiffness, and pain of various joints of the spine and potential loss of spinal mobility. It may involve joints between the spine and the pelvis, known as the sacroiliac joints; joints within the spinal column of the lower back (lumbar spine), the upper back (thoracic spine), and the neck (cervical spine) to varying degrees; as well as joints of the limbs, particularly the legs. Progression may spontaneously subside at any stage of involvement; however, in some individuals, all regions of the spinal column may eventually become involved.



Many affected individuals develop lower back and hip pain that may be more severe at night and after rest. In addition, there is often associated stiffness of affected regions in the morning. In some cases, those with involvement of joints joining the ribs with the spine (costovertebral joints) may have a limited ability to expand the chest to take a deep breath. In addition, in some affected individuals, other associated findings may include recurrent inflammation of the colored region of the eyes (acute iritis), leakage of the aortic valve resulting in a backflow of blood into the lower left chamber (ventricle) of the heart (aortic insufficiency or regurgitation), and/or other abnormalities.



The exact cause of ankylosing spondylitis is not known. However, researchers suggest that genetic, immunologic, and/or environmental factors may play some role.

Resources

American Juvenile Arthritis Organization

1330 West Peachtree Street, Suite 100

Atlanta, GA 30309

USA

Tel: (404)965-7624

Fax: (404)872-9559

Tel: (800)568-4045

Email: help@arthritis.org

Internet: http://www.arthritis.org



Spondylitis Association of America

P.O. Box 5972

Sherman Oaks, CA 91413

USA

Tel: (818)892-1616

Fax: (818)892-1611

Tel: (800)777-8189

Email: info@spondylitis.org

Internet: http://www.spondylitis.org



American Autoimmune Related Diseases Association, Inc.

22100 Gratiot Ave.

Eastpointe, MI 48021

Tel: (586)776-3900

Fax: (586)776-3903

Tel: (800)598-4668

Email: aarda@aarda.org

Internet: http://www.aarda.org/



Arthritis Foundation

1330 West Peachtree Street, Suite 100

Atlanta, GA 30309

USA

Tel: (404)872-7100

Tel: (800)283-7800

Email: arthritisfoundation@arthritis.org

Internet: http://www.arthritis.org



NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Information Clearinghouse

One AMS Circle

Bethesda, MD 20892-3675

USA

Tel: (301)495-4484

Fax: (301)718-6366

Tel: (877)226-4267

TDD: (301)565-2966

Email: NIAMSinfo@mail.nih.gov

Internet: http://www.niams.nih.gov/



National Ankylosing Spondylitis Society

RCN 272258

Unit 0.2, One Victoria Villas

Richmond Surrey, TW9 2GW

United Kingdom

Tel: 02089489117

Fax: 02089407736

Email: admin@nass.co.uk

Internet: http://www.nass.co.uk/index.htm



Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center

PO Box 8126

Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126

Tel: (301)251-4925

Fax: (301)251-4911

Tel: (888)205-2311

TDD: (888)205-3223

Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/



Madisons Foundation

PO Box 241956

Los Angeles, CA 90024

Tel: (310)264-0826

Fax: (310)264-4766

Email: getinfo@madisonsfoundation.org

Internet: http://www.madisonsfoundation.org



Autoimmune Information Network, Inc.

PO Box 4121

Brick, NJ 08723

Fax: (732)543-7285

Email: autoimmunehelp@aol.com



KickAS.org

11688 North Sage Brook Road

Oro Valley, AZ 85737-7342

Tel: (520)544-3023

Fax: (520)544-3023

Email: kickas@gmail.com

Internet: http://www.kickas.org



European Society for Immunodeficiencies

1-3 rue de Chantepoulet

Geneva, CH 1211

Switzerland

Tel: 410229080484

Fax: 41229069140

Email: esid@kenes.com

Internet: http://www.esid.org



AutoImmunity Community

Email: moderator@autoimmunitycommunity.org

Internet: http://www.autoimmunitycommunity.org



For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

Last Updated:  7/23/2007

Copyright  1986, 1987, 1988, 1991, 1994, 1997, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2007 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

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