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Ehlers Danlos Syndrome

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important

It is possible that the main title of the report Ehlers Danlos Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • E-D Syndrome
  • EDS

Disorder Subdivisions

  • Ehlers Danlos syndrome, classic type
  • Ehlers Danlos syndrome, hypermobility type
  • Ehlers Danlos syndrome, vascular type
  • Ehlers Danlos syndrome, kyphoscoliotic type
  • Ehlers Danlos syndrome, arthrochalasia type
  • Ehlers Danlos syndrome, dermatosparaxis type
  • Ehlers Danlos syndrome, progeroid form
  • Ehlers Danlos syndrome, cardiac valvular form

General Discussion

Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is a group of hereditary connective tissue disorders characterized by defects of the major structural protein in the body (collagen). Collagen, a tough, fibrous protein, plays an essential role in holding together, strengthening, and providing elasticity to bodily cells and tissues. Due to defects of collagen, primary EDS symptoms and findings include abnormally flexible, loose joints (articular hypermobility) that may easily become dislocated; unusually loose, thin, stretchy (elastic) skin; and excessive fragility of the skin, blood vessels, and other bodily tissues and membranes.



The different types of EDS were originally categorized in a classification system that used Roman numerals (e.g., EDS I to EDS XI), based upon each form's associated symptoms and findings (clinical evidence) and underlying cause. A revised, simplified classification system (revised nosology) has since been described in the medical literature that categorizes EDS into six major subtypes, based upon clinical evidence, underlying biochemical defects, and mode of inheritance.



Each subtype of EDS is a distinct hereditary disorder that may affect individuals within certain families (kindreds). In other words, parents with one subtype of EDS will not have children with another EDS subtype. Depending upon the specific subtype present, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is usually transmitted as an autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive trait.

Resources

Ehlers-Danlos National Foundation

1760 Old Meadow Road, Suite 500

McLean, VA 22102

USA

Tel: (703)506-2892

Fax: (703)506-3266

Email: ednfstaff@ednf.org

Internet: http://www.ednf.org



NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases

Information Clearinghouse

One AMS Circle

Bethesda, MD 20892-3675

USA

Tel: (301)495-4484

Fax: (301)718-6366

Tel: (877)226-4267

TDD: (301)565-2966

Email: NIAMSinfo@mail.nih.gov

Internet: http://www.niams.nih.gov/



Coalition for Heritable Disorders of Connective Tissue (CHDCT)

4301 Connecticut Avenue, NW Suite 404

Washington, DC 20008

Tel: (202)362-9599

Fax: (202)966-8553

Tel: (800)778-7171

Email: chdct@pxe.org

Internet: http://www.chdct2.org/



Ehlers-Danlos Support Group UK

PO Box 748

Borehamwood, WD6 9HU

United Kingdom

Tel: 02087365604

Email: director@ehlers-danlos.org

Internet: http://www.ehlers-danlos.org



Ehlers Danlos Foundation of New Zealand

368 Butler Road, RD 3

Waipawa 4273

Hawkes Bay,

New Zealand

Tel: 64068747799

Fax: 64068747799

Email: flopsy@ihug.co.nz

Internet: http://www.edfnz.org.nz



EDS Today

PO Box 1382

Mays Landing, NJ 08330

USA

Tel: (609)625-3182

Email: info@edstoday.org

Internet: http://www.edstoday.org



Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center

PO Box 8126

Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126

Tel: (301)251-4925

Fax: (301)251-4911

Tel: (888)205-2311

TDD: (888)205-3223

Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/



Madisons Foundation

PO Box 241956

Los Angeles, CA 90024

Tel: (310)264-0826

Fax: (310)264-4766

Email: getinfo@madisonsfoundation.org

Internet: http://www.madisonsfoundation.org



European Skeletal Dysplasia Network

Institute of Genetic Medicine

Newcastle University

International Centre for Life

Central Parkway

Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 3BZ

United Kingdom

Tel: 441612755642

Fax: 441612755082

Email: info@esdn.org

Internet: http://www.esdn.org



For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to MyD-H, the Dartmouth-Hitchcock patient portal. You must be a registered MyD-H user for the Lebanon, Manchester, or Nashua locations to access this site.

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

Last Updated:  10/2/2008

Copyright  1986, 1987, 1990, 1991, 1992, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2002, 2007 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

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