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Primary Myelofibrosis

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important

It is possible that the main title of the report Primary Myelofibrosis is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • IM
  • PMF
  • agnogenic myeloid metaplasia (AMM)
  • chronic idiopathic myelofibrosis (CIMF)
  • myelofibrosis with myeloid metaplasia
  • idiopathic myelofibrosis

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Summary

Primary myelofibrosis is a rare bone marrow disorder that is characterized by abnormalities in blood cell production (hematopoiesis) and scarring (formation of fibrous tissue) within the bone marrow. Bone marrow is the soft, spongy tissue that fills the center of most bones. Bone marrow contains specialized cells called hematopoietic stem cells that grow and eventually develop into one of the three main types of blood cells: red blood cells, white blood cells or platelets. In primary myelofibrosis, a change in the DNA of a single hematopoietic stem cell causes the abnormal cell to continually reproduce itself. Eventually, these abnormal cells crowd out normal, healthy cells in the marrow and, along with scarring within the marrow, disrupt the production of red and white blood cells and platelets.



The symptoms associated with primary myelofibrosis vary and are related to the abnormalities affecting blood cell production. Affected individuals may not have symptoms at the time of diagnosis (asymptomatic) may remain symptom-free for many years. Eventually, affected individuals may develop fatigue, fever, frequent infections, pale skin, night sweats and unexplained weight loss. An enlarged (spleen) is a common finding. An enlarged liver (hepatomegaly) may also occur.



In approximately 50 percent of cases, a mutation of the JAK2 gene has been detected. The exact role this abnormal gene plays in the development of the disorder is unknown.



Introduction

Primary myelofibrosis belongs to a group of diseases known as the myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs). This group of disorders is characterized by the overproduction (proliferation) of one or more of the three main blood cell lines - red or white blood cells or platelets. Three other disorders are commonly classified as MPNs: chronic myeloid leukemia, essential thrombocythemia and polycythemia vera. Myelofibrosis may occur as a secondary characteristic of polycythemia vera or essential thrombocytyemia. Because the MPNs are characterized by uncontrolled cell growth, they may also be classified as blood cancers.

Resources

Leukemia & Lymphoma Society

1311 Mamaroneck Avenue

Suite 310

White Plains, NY 10605

Tel: (914)949-5213

Fax: (914)949-6691

Tel: (800)955-4572

Email: infocenter@LLS.org

Internet: http://www.LLS.org



American Cancer Society, Inc.

250 Williams NW St

Ste 6000

Atlanta, GA 30303

USA

Tel: (404)320-3333

Tel: (800)227-2345

TDD: (866)228-4327

Internet: http://www.cancer.org



National Cancer Institute

6116 Executive Blvd Suite 300

Bethesda, MD 20892-8322

USA

Tel: (301)435-3848

Tel: (800)422-6237

TDD: (800)332-8615

Email: cancergovstaff@mail.nih.gov

Internet: http://www.cancer.gov



Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research

Froedtert and the Medical College of Wisconsin Clinical Cancer Center

9200 W. Wisconsin Avenue

Milwaukee, WI 53226

Tel: (414)805-0700

Fax: (414)805-0714

Email: contactus@cibmtr.org

Internet: http://www.cibmtr.org/



National Bone Marrow Transplant Link

20411 W. 12 Mile Rd

Suite 108

Southfield, MI 48076

Tel: (248)358-1886

Fax: (248)358-1889

Tel: (800)546-5268

Email: info@nbmtlink.org

Internet: http://www.nbmtlink.org



Italian Registry of Myelofibrosis with Myeloid Metaplasia

Laboratoria Di Informatica Medica

IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo

Viale Golgi 19

Pavia, 27100

Italy

Tel: 800279656

Fax: 0382503393

Email: marchettim@smatteo.pv.it

Internet: http://www.myelofibrosis.net



Rare Cancer Alliance

1649 North Pacana Way

Green Valley, AZ 85614

USA

Internet: http://www.rare-cancer.org



Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center

PO Box 8126

Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126

Tel: (301)251-4925

Fax: (301)251-4911

Tel: (888)205-2311

TDD: (888)205-3223

Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/



CMPD Education Foundation

P.O. Box 4758

Scottsdale, AZ 85261

Email: ian.sweet@homemail.com.au

Internet: http://www.mpdinfo.org/CMPD_foundation.html



Myeloproliferative Disease Support and Daily Email Digest

2011 Flagler Ave.

Key West, FL 33040

USA

Tel: (305)295-4444

Email: roberttollen@gmail.com

Internet: http://www.mpdsupport.org/



MPN Research Foundation

180 N. Michigan Avenue, Suite 1870

Chicago, IL 60601

Tel: (312)683-7249

Fax: (312)332-0840

Email: mwoerhle@MPNResearchFoundation.org

Internet: http://www.mpnresearchfoundation.org



For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to MyD-H, the Dartmouth-Hitchcock patient portal. You must be a registered MyD-H user for the Lebanon, Manchester, or Nashua locations to access this site.

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

Last Updated:  5/8/2013

Copyright  1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1996, 2000, 2002, 2008, 2011, 2013 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

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