National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.
It is possible that the main title of the report Dystonia is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.
- Generalized Dystonia
- Primary Dystonia
- Early-onset Dystonia
- Childhood-onset Dystonia
- Dopa-responsive Dystonia (DRD)
- Focal Dystonia
- Blepharospasm (Benign Essential Blepharospasm[BEB])
- Cervical Dystonia (Spasmodic Torticollis[ST])
- Oromandibular Dystonia
- Writer's Cramp
- Paroxysmal Dystonia
- Paroxysmal Kinesigenic Dystonia (PKD)
- Paroxysmal Dystonia Choreathetosis
- Spasmodic Torticollis (Cervical Dystonia)
- Spasmodic Dysphonia (SD)
- X-Linked Dystonia-parkinsonism
- Late-onset Dystonia
- Secondary Dystonia
- Tardive Dyskinesia
- Tardive Dystonia
- Myoclonic Dystonia
- Rapid-onset Dystonia-parkinsonism (RDP)
- Segmental Dystonia
Dystonia is a group of movement disorders that vary in their symptoms, causes, progression, and treatments. This group of neurological conditions is generally characterized by involuntary muscle contractions that force the body into abnormal, sometimes painful, movements and positions (postures).
Dystonia may be focal (affecting an isolated body part), segmental (affecting adjacent body areas, or generalized (affecting many major muscle groups simultaneously). There are many different causes for dystonia. Genetic as well as non-genetic factors contribute to all forms of dystonia. The most characteristic finding associated with dystonia is twisting, repetitive movements that affect the neck, torso, limbs, eyes, face, vocal chords, and/or a combination of these muscle groups.
WE MOVE (Worldwide Education and Awareness for Movement Disorders)
5731 Mosholu Avenue
Bronx, NY 10471
National Spasmodic Dysphonia Association
300 Park Boulevard
Itasca, IL 60143
Dystonia Medical Research Foundation
1 East Wacker Drive, Suite 2810 East Wacker Drive
Chicago, IL 60601-1905
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
P.O. Box 5801
Bethesda, MD 20824
89 Albert Embankment, 2nd Floor
London, SE1 7TP
Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
PO Box 8126
Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
Spasmodic Torticollis ST/Dystonia, Inc.
PO Box 28
Mukwonago, WI 53149
Child Neurology Foundation
2000 West 98th Street
Bloomington, MN 55431
Bachmann-Strauss Dystonia & Parkinson Foundation
551 Fifth Avenue
New York, NY 10176
Movement Disorder Society
555 E. Wells Street
Milwaukee, WI 53202-3823
American Dystonia Society
17 Suffolk Lane
Princeton Junction, NJ 08550
For a Complete Report
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It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report
This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.
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Last Updated: 2/4/2008
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