Health Encyclopedia

 

 

Tethered Cord Syndrome

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important

It is possible that the main title of the report Tethered Cord Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • TCS
  • tethered spinal cord syndrome

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Tethered cord syndrome is a stretch-induced functional disorder associated with the fixation (tethering) effect of inelastic tissue on the caudal spinal cord, limiting its movement. This abnormal attachment is associated with progressive stretching and increased tension of the spinal cord as a child ages, potentially resulting in a variety of neurological and other symptoms. Due to the variation of the growth rate of the spinal cord and the spinal column, the progression of neurological signs and symptoms is highly variable. Some individuals present with tethered cord syndrome at birth (so-called congenital), while others develop the symptomatology in infancy or early childhood. Other individuals may not develop any noticeable symptoms until adulthood. Although some authors call these cases acquired, the majority of these cases are mostly developmental, corresponding to the progressive development of excess fibrous connective tissue (fibrosis) in the filum terminale. The filum terminale is a strand of tissue that bridges the spinal cord tip and the tailbone (sacrum). The inelastic structures in children originated from defective closure of the neural tube (the precursor of the spinal cord) during embryonic development, eventually forming a condition known as spina bifida. Because of its functional (physiological) nature, tethered cord syndrome can be reversible if surgically treated in its early stage.

Resources

American Syringomyelia & Chiari Alliance Project

P.O. Box 1586

Longview, TX 75606-1586

Tel: (903)236-7079

Fax: (903)757-7456

Tel: (800)272-7282

Email: info@asap.org

Internet: http://www.asap.org



March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation

1275 Mamaroneck Avenue

White Plains, NY 10605

Tel: (914)997-4488

Fax: (914)997-4763

Tel: (888)663-4637

Email: Askus@marchofdimes.com

Internet: http://www.marchofdimes.com



Spina Bifida Association of America

4590 MacArthur Boulevard NW

Suite 250

Washington, DC 20007-4226

Tel: (202)944-3285

Fax: (202)944-3295

Tel: (800)621-3141

Email: sbaa@sbaa.org

Internet: http://www.sbaa.org



International Federation for Spina Bifida and Hydrocephalus

Cellebroersstraat 16

Brussels, B1000

Belgium

Tel: 32025020413

Fax: 32025021129

Email: info@ifglobal.org

Internet: http://www.ifglobal.org



NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

P.O. Box 5801

Bethesda, MD 20824

Tel: (301)496-5751

Fax: (301)402-2186

Tel: (800)352-9424

TDD: (301)468-5981

Internet: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/



Spina Bifida and Hydrocephalus Canada

Suite 647-167 av. Lombard Avenue

Winnipeg

MB

R3B 0V3

Canada

Tel: 2049253650

Fax: 2049253654

Tel: 8005659488

Email: info@sbhac.ca

Internet: http://www.sbhac.ca



Birth Defect Research for Children, Inc.

976 Lake Baldwin Lane

Orlando, FL 32814

USA

Tel: (407)895-0802

Email: staff@birthdefects.org

Internet: http://www.birthdefects.org



Madisons Foundation

PO Box 241956

Los Angeles, CA 90024

Tel: (310)264-0826

Fax: (310)264-4766

Email: getinfo@madisonsfoundation.org

Internet: http://www.madisonsfoundation.org



For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to MyD-H, the Dartmouth-Hitchcock patient portal. You must be a registered MyD-H user for the Lebanon, Manchester, or Nashua locations to access this site.

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

Last Updated:  12/8/2010

Copyright  1990, 1999, 2007, 2010 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

This information does not replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise, Incorporated disclaims any warranty or liability for your use of this information. Your use of this information means that you agree to the Terms of Use. How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.

Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.