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Brown Séquard Syndrome

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

Important

It is possible that the main title of the report Brown Séquard Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

Synonyms

  • BSS
  • Hemisection of the Spinal Cord
  • Partial Spinal Sensory Syndrome
  • Hemiparaplegic Syndrome
  • Spastic Spinal Monoplegia Syndrome

Disorder Subdivisions

  • None

General Discussion

Brown-Séquard syndrome is a rare spinal disorder that results from an injury to one side of the spinal cord in which the spinal cord is damaged but is not severed completely. It is usually caused by an injury to the spine in the region of the neck or back. In many cases, affected individuals have received some type of puncture wound in the neck or in the back that damages the spine and causes symptoms to appear.



Characteristically, the affected person loses the sense of touch, vibrations and/or position in three dimensions below the level of the injury (hemiparalysis or asymmetric paresis). The sensory loss is particularly strong on the same side (ipsilateral) as the injury to the spine. These sensations are accompanied by a loss of the sense of pain and of temperature (hypalgesia) on the side of the body opposite (contralateral) to the side at which the injury was sustained.

Resources

Spinal Cord Society

19051 County Hwy. 1

Fergus Falls, MN 56537

USA

Tel: (218)739-5252

Fax: (218)739-5262

Email: scs-nc@nc.rr.com

Internet: http://www.spinalcordsociety.com



National Spinal Cord Injury Association

75-20 Astoria Blvd

Jackson Heights, NY 11370

USA

Tel: (718)803-3782

Tel: (800)962-9629

Email: info@spinalcord.org

Internet: http://www.spinalcord.org



NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

P.O. Box 5801

Bethesda, MD 20824

Tel: (301)496-5751

Fax: (301)402-2186

Tel: (800)352-9424

TDD: (301)468-5981

Internet: http://www.ninds.nih.gov/



American Spinal Injury Association

2020 Peachtree Road NW

Atlanta, GA 30309

Tel: (404)355-9772

Fax: (404)355-1826

Email: ASIA_Office@shepherd.org

Internet: http://www.asia-spinalinjury.org/



Spinal Cord Injury Network International

3911 Princeton Drive

Santa Rosa, CA 95405-7013

Tel: (707)577-8796

Fax: (707)577-0605

Tel: (800)548-2673

Email: contact@spinalcordinjury.org

Internet: http://www.spinalcordinjury.org



Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center

PO Box 8126

Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126

Tel: (301)251-4925

Fax: (301)251-4911

Tel: (888)205-2311

TDD: (888)205-3223

Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/



For a Complete Report

This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

Last Updated:  4/25/2008

Copyright  1993, 2003, 2005 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

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