Call 911 or other emergency services immediately if:
The person having the seizure stops breathing.
After calling 911 or other emergency
services, begin rescue breathing.
The seizure lasts longer than 3 minutes.
seizing is pregnant (no matter how long the seizure lasts).
More than one seizure occurs within 24 hours.
During a seizure:
Protect the person from injury.
Keep him or her from falling if you can, or
try to guide the person gently to the floor.
Try to move furniture
or other objects that might injure the person during the
If the person is having a seizure and is on the ground
when you arrive, put something soft under his or her head.
Do not force anything, including your fingers, into
the person's mouth. Putting something in the person's mouth may cause injuries
to him or her, such as chipped teeth or a fractured jaw. You could also get
Turn the person onto his or her side, with the mouth down,
unless the person resists being moved.
Do not try to hold down or
move the person.
Try to stay calm.
If the person
vomits, turn the person onto his or her side.
Pay close attention
to what the person is doing so that you can describe the seizure to rescue
personnel or doctors.
What kind of body movement occurred?
How long did
the seizure last?
How did the person act immediately after the
Are there any injuries from the seizure?
Time the length of the seizure, if possible.
After a seizure:
Check the person for injuries.
could not turn the person onto his or her side during the seizure, do so when
the seizure ends and the person is more relaxed.
If the person is
having trouble breathing, use your finger to gently clear his or her mouth of
any vomit or saliva.
Loosen tight clothing around the person's neck
Provide a safe area where the person can
Do not offer anything to eat or drink until the person is
fully awake and alert.
Stay with the person until he or she is
awake and familiar with the surroundings. Most people will be sleepy or
confused after a seizure.
A person who has had a seizure should not drive, swim, climb
ladders, or operate machinery until he or she has seen a doctor about the
seizure and the doctor has said the person is allowed to drive or operate
Primary Medical Reviewer
William H. Blahd, Jr., MD, FACEP - Emergency Medicine
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.