Each baby is an individual with a unique
temperament and general likes and dislikes. By
responding to and reinforcing your baby's natural habits, you can help
establish and maintain a predictable daily schedule.
At first, babies move in and out of sleep in unpredictable
patterns. By age 3 months, most babies establish more of a routine and sleep
for longer periods, perhaps through the night. They are also more alert when
awake and you can gradually add time between feedings.
At about 3 to 4 months, start bedtime rituals to help your baby
relax. Read a story, play quiet music, sing, rock your baby, or give him or her
a gentle massage. Avoid loud music or sounds and bright lights.
Sleep patterns often change during the second half of the first
year. To promote a regular schedule, maintain your routines when your baby
resists going down for a nap or going to bed at the usual time.
Parents often wonder whether their baby is getting enough
nourishment. The quality and quantity of a baby's feedings probably are
sufficient if the baby is gaining weight steadily, is content most of the time,
and is becoming increasingly alert and active.
By 2 months of age, most babies have established regular feeding
schedules. Bottle-fed babies tend to eat about every 3 to 4 hours, and
breast-fed babies nurse more frequently. Many babies begin eating less
frequently at night.
At 3 to 4 months, when babies become interested in the world
around them, feeding times may become frustrating for parents. Babies often
interrupt feedings by looking around, smiling, cooing, and reaching for a
parent's face. This is a normal attempt to turn feeding times into a more
social event and an opportune time for parents to interact with their babies.
It may help to feed your baby in a quiet and dimly lit room.
Babies do not need solid foods until they are at least 4 to 6
months old. Parents should wait until that point to introduce cereal. Adding
cereal to a baby's bottle will not make him or her sleep through the night.
Check with your health professional to see whether your baby is ready for solid
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.