Other Conditions With Symptoms Similar to Laryngitis
Voice problems, such as hoarseness, that last more than 2
weeks or come back frequently may point to a condition other than
laryngitis. These conditions may cause damage to the
voice box, or larynx.
Chronic conditions that can damage the
Chronic reflux laryngitis.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) produces acidic
secretions that can damage the mucous lining of the larynx. When reflux occurs
frequently, tissue may swell or thicken, and sometimes open sores (ulcers)
develop. Excess mucus, throat clearing, a choking feeling, and periodic speech
and voice problems can result.
Vocal cord lesions. Ulcers or
growths (such as cysts, polyps, or nodules) on the
vocal cords can affect the voice. These lesions may be
caused by improper use of the voice over an extended period, chronic viral
infection (such as sinusitis), smoking, cancer, or long-term exposure to
allergens or irritants.
dysphonia. This is a voice disorder that causes hoarseness, neck pain, and poor
voice range and quality. It is a result of habitual and improper use of muscles
around the vocal cords. The behavior often begins as a means to compensate for
strain on other voice box muscles during a viral infection or from
Neurological voice disorders.
Parkinson's disease and similar disorders can result
in a problem controlling volume and speech rhythm. The voice may become soft,
and speech can be rapid and slurred.
Age-related muscular changes
of the vocal cords. Weakness or degeneration of muscle around the vocal cords
can result in a thin voice, with decreased range, and occasional loss of
Structural immobility of the vocal cords. Damage to one or
both vocal cords, such as a traumatic injury or nerve problems, can prevent
them from working properly. Difficulty speaking may result.
of the larynx (laryngeal cancer).
Vocal cord paralysis.
Paralysis may be caused by problems in the neck, the
thyroid gland, or even in the chest.
Diagnosing and treating these conditions helps prevent
recurring symptoms or complications. Common treatments include voice training,
medicines, injections of fat or collagen, or surgery. Laryngeal cancer may
require more treatments, such as
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.