Abnormal levels of fats (lipids) in the blood are twice as
common in people with
type 2 diabetes as in people who do not have the
insulin resistance, and high levels of insulin cause
several lipid abnormalities.
Blood levels of lipoprotein a (Lp a), a type
of LDL, are also increased in people who have diabetes. Lp a has been shown to be a
risk factor for heart disease in people who do not have diabetes. But its
relationship to heart disease in people with diabetes is unknown.
The combination of low HDL and high LDL puts people who have
diabetes at higher risk for
macrovascular disease. These cholesterol abnormalities
can improve with good control of blood sugar levels.
Regular exercise and weight loss can improve your cholesterol levels. Lack of exercise is linked with higher triglycerides and lower HDL cholesterol. Taking
medicines called statins can further reduce the level of LDL.
How this information was developed to help you make better health decisions.