Bone Cancers and Other Skeletal Tumors

We treat many types of bone tumors, benign and malignant, as well as tumor-like lesions.

If you have been referred to us, it is most likely due to findings on X-ray, CT scan, or MRI which were abnormal. Our goal is to evaluate the results as quickly as possible to determine if the they are indicative of cancer. Most lesions referred to our program are benign.

Malignant bone tumors

We classify bone lesions as follows:

  • Primary bone cancers: These are malignant tumors (cancers) that arise in the bone and include osteosarcoma, and Ewing’s sarcoma. Primary bone cancers are more common in children.
  • Metastatic bone cancers: These are malignant tumors that arise outside the bones but travel to and implant within the bones. The most common metastatic bone cancers to affect the skeleton are lung cancer, kidney (renal) cancer, breast cancer, thyroid cancer, and prostate cancer. Metastatic bone cancers are more common in adults.

Benign bone tumors

These are tumors that arise within the bone and do not normally metastasize. The most common benign bone tumors are:

  • Aneurysmal bone cyst
  • Enchondroma
  • Giant cell tumor
  • Non-ossifying fibroma

Tumor-like lesions

These are bone abnormalities that are mistaken for tumors. These lesions usually do not need treatment.