Throat and Mouth Cancers

What are throat and mouth cancers?

Cancers of the throat and mouth, also called the oral cavity, include the

  • Lips
  • Gums and lining of the cheeks
  • Tongue
  • Tonsils (oval-shaped lymphatic organs in the back of the throat)
  • Pharynx (throat)
  • Larynx (voice box)
  • Upper trachea (wind pipe)
  • Upper esophagus (connects the throat to the lower esophagus)

More information about oral cavity cancers (National Cancer Institute)


It’s possible that you could have one or more of the following tests:

  • Imaging (CT, MRI or PET scan)
  • Upper endoscopy
  • Biopsy
  • Meeting with your surgeon, medical oncologist and radiation oncologist


Depending on your unique set of conditions, your treatment could include one or more of the following treatments (but not all of these will apply to your condition):

  • Surgery (including reconstructive surgery as needed)
  • Radiation
  • Chemotherapy

Your full team of care providers will work closely together to review your diagnostic tests, identify the best course of treatment particular to you, and help you understand your diagnosis and what to expect with any treatment you have.